What are different routes of drug administration and write about advantages and disadvantages of parenteral route of administration


Learning Objectives

At the end of this chapter the student will be able to:

  1. Define various terminologies used in Pharmacology.
  2. Know about nature and sources of drugs.
  3. Understand pharmacodynamics like mechanism of drug action, dose relation ship and pharmacokinetics like absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) of drugs.
  4. Understand theoritical pharmacokinetics like half-life, order of kinetics, steady state plasma concentration.
  5. Understand drug safety and effectiveness like factors affecting drug action and adverse drug reactions.
  6. Understand new drug development and evaluation.

I. Introduction to Pharmacology


Pharmacology: Pharmacology is the study of interaction of drugs with living organisms. It also includes history, source, physicochemical properties, dosage forms, methods of administration, absorption, distribution mechanism of action, biotransformation, excretion, clinical uses and adverse effects of drugs.

Clinical Pharmacology: It evaluate the pharmacological action of drug preferred route of administration and safe dosage range in human by clinical trails.

Drugs: Drugs are chemicals that alter functions of living organisms. Drugs are generally given for the diagnosis, prevention, control or cure of disease.

Pharmacy: It is the science of identification, selection, preservation, standardisation, compounding and dispensing of medical substances.


  • What  are  different  routes  of  drug  administration  and  write  about  advantages  and disadvantages of parenteral route of administration.
  • Define bio-availability and describe the factors affecting drug absorption.

Define the following:

  1. Half-life of a drug
  2. Steady state plasma concentration
  3. Adverse drug reactions
  4. Write about the factors modifying drug action.
  5. Write about different types of drug interactions.

The standard price quoted for this assignment is up to 3000 words. For custom word count and written work, contact via Click here → Whatsapp UK, OR Whatsapp Middle East ← Click here OR Live Chat.


Email: care@academiasupport.co.uk

100% Plagiarism Free & Custom Written, Tailored to your instructions