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£79 2.5 Explain the importance of safe plant operation and maintenance of hydrocarbon containing equipment and processes
Management of international oil and gas operational safety
4.1 Unit IOG1
On completion of this element, candidates should be able to demonstrate understanding of the content through the application of knowledge to familiar and unfamiliar situations. In particular they should be able to:
2.1 Explain the principles of assessing and managing contractors, including the roles of parties involved
2.2 Outline the tools, standards, measurement, competency requirements and controls applicable to Process Safety Management (PSM) in the oil and gas industries
2.3 Explain the role and purpose of a permit-to-work system
2.4 Explain the key principles of safe shift handover
2.5 Explain the importance of safe plant operation and maintenance of hydrocarbon containing equipment and processes
2.6 Outline the hazards, risks and controls to ensure safe start up and shut down of hydrocarbon containing equipment and processes.
2.1 Contractor management
Scale of contractor use
Contractor management, ownership and site supervision/ representation
Safe handover, understanding the hazards.
2.2 Process Safety Management (PSM)
- spacing of operating plant
- positioning and protection of control rooms and critical equipment, specifically occupied building assessment, temporary refuge (offshore) and the critical safety systemsassociated with temporary refuge integrity (fire resistance, blast resistance, HVAC, access to evacuation means etc)
Management of change controls:
- risk assessment and authorisation of changes by competent persons.
2.3 Role and purpose of a permit-to-work system
Role and purpose of a permit-to-work system
The key features of a permit-to-work system
Types of permit
Interfaces with adjacent plant
Interfaces with contractors
Lock out, tag out and isolation.
2.4 Key principles of safe shift handover
Placing greater reliance on written communication between handover of 12-hour shifts
Two-way with both participants taking joint responsibility
Shift handover should be:
- high priority and conducted face to face
- two-way with both participants taking joint responsibility
- done using verbal and written communication
- based on analysis of the information needs of incoming staff
- given as much time as necessary.
2.5 Plant operations and maintenance
Asset integrity, including inspection, testing, maintenance, corrosion prevention, competency and training
Risk based maintenance and inspection strategy
Techniques, principles, and importance of safe operation, standard operation procedures and maintenance
Control of ignition sources during maintenance and operations
Cleaning and gas freeing; purging; venting; draining of water, product, oxygen and non- condensables (NCD), and inerting.
2.6 Start up and shut down
- safe start up, shut down
- water and hydrates presence and removal
- testing, commissioning and hook up.
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