Understand the basic principles of researching, citing, using and presenting legal and non-legal sources
- 7.1.1 Researching legal sources:
- overview of the key legal sources used for civil law, civil justice system, employment law and business, finance and insolvency
- understand how to accurately search and navigate key online legal sources for both case law (such as BAILII and the UK Supreme Court’s decided cases) and primary and secondary legislation (such as legislation.gov.uk)
- understand how to make effective use of other digital tools, software and online services such as benefits calculators and legal aid entitlement calculators to research clients’ cases and support accurate advice
- access and manage data effectively, including the ability to consider trends and utilise comparative data from authoritative sources to inform and support research.
- 7.1.2 Citing legal sources:
- understand how to accurately cite legal sources
- follow agreed conventions in citing case law – party names (order), year of publication, volume number, reference to report series, accepted abbreviations
- follow agreed conventions in citing legislation – long title, short title, chapter number, contents order: sections, sub-sections, paragraphs, schedules
- use digital tools to ensure cited sources are up-to-date (case law) or in force (statutes)
- follow agreed conventions and organise references logically and coherently when citing books (author, title, edition, year and publisher) or journal article (title of journal, title of article, author, year and volume number); or databases (name of database, section of database)
- make sure academic citations observe relevant referencing conventions such as the Harvard style.
- 7.1.3 Using legal sources in a research context:
- select the appropriate sources to reflect the particular purpose including traditional sources (Law Report series, Halsbury’s Statutes, established practitioner texts and academic texts) and digital sources (legal databases, portals, search engines, gateway sites, databases and collections)
- effectively find, process and scrutinise data when using legal research sources by employing techniques such as wildcards, connectors, field-searching, truncation, phrase enclosure and partial citation
- analyse research information and data effectively using problem analysis models
- understand how to validate data in different situations and apply judgement within specific contexts such as checking contemporaneity, accuracy and the degree of authority of a source
- understand how to evaluate the product of research or apply it to a client’s case, such as, recognising the appropriate source, recognising bias and recognising the distinction between fact and opinion
- interrogate data sources for specific information and be able to accurately summarise when investigating data trends in independent research tasks
- demonstrate an understanding of the implications of accessing and processing data through actions which show an appreciation of data security, maintain confidentiality and recognise the importance of keeping an accurate research trail.
- 7.1.4 Presenting research findings orally and in writing to clients and colleagues:
- give explanations of your research to others, both orally and in writing, in a clear and unambiguous way taking into account the level of experience of the audience and the purpose of your research
- organise ideas logically and coherently when presenting research findings in any format
- express opinions and support these with relevant arguments based on the findings
- create digital content, develop presentational and multi- media skills and tools when presenting the outcomes of research
- when giving an oral presentation, speak clearly and confidently, use appropriate grammar and choice of words in oral speech, modulate your voice (tone, register, volume and tempo) as appropriate to the audience and respond appropriately to questions and feedback from colleagues or clients
- written research findings should give explanations which are clear and unambiguous, use technical language appropriately, organise ideas logically and coherently, uses appropriate grammar, vocabulary, spelling and punctuation.
E1, E2, E3, E4, E5,
M5, M6, D1, D2, D3, D4, D5