A. Explore anatomy, physiology and biomechanics for personal training

Unit D2: Personal Trainer Skills Development

  • Level: 3
  • Unit type: Internal
  • Guided learning hours: 180

Unit in brief

Learners explore the theoretical and practical requirements for working as a personal trainer.

Unit introduction

There has been a growth in the number of health and fitness centres around the country, as well as in outdoor spaces being used for health and fitness. This is because more and more people are spending time and money on taking part in regular physical activity for their health and wellbeing.

Many people are paying for their own personal trainer to help target fitness training programmes   for their individual needs. Personal trainers need to be able to tailor fitness training programmes for their clients and deliver engaging one-to-one fitness sessions to sustain their client’s motivation to stay on track as they work towards their individual fitness goals.

In this unit, you will explore the anatomy and physiology of the main body systems involved in participation in regular exercise and how they respond to exercise both in the short- and long term.

You will gain a practical and theoretical understanding of the range of health screening methods used to check the health of clients with different needs. You will explore the different types of exercises for different components of fitness and how these exercises can be performed safely and with the correct technique. You will investigate how to plan a personal training exercise session, taking into account the client’s needs and how the session can be adapted to meet different needs. You will then explore how to instruct a safe and effective personal training session. Effective personal trainers always review their sessions and get feedback from their clients. You will explore different methods for collecting feedback on performance, enabling you to identify your strengths and areas for improvement. The knowledge and skills this unit gives you are an exciting combination of theory and applied aspects to give you an improved understanding and practical experience of personal training.

This unit will help you to progress to employment in the health and fitness industry. The unit will also help you to progress to further study in higher education or to professional qualifications in personal training, or to working with specific populations and people who have been medically referred.

There are new staffing requirements for the teacher, Assessor and Internal Verifier for this unit. Please refer to Section 4 Planning your programme for further information.

Learning aims

In this unit you will:

A Explore anatomy, physiology and biomechanics for personal training

B Explore client health and wellbeing to plan personal training programmes

C Explore personal training methods and programming

D Plan, deliver and review personal training sessions for a client.

Summary of unit

Learning aim

Key content areas

Recommended assessment approach

A Explore anatomy, physiology and biomechanics for personal training

A1 Musculoskeletal system A2 Cardiorespiratory system A3 Energy systems

A4 Nervous system

A5 Endocrine system

A6 Biomechanics in personal training

Written report covering each body system and the effect of biomechanics and kinesiology on personal training.

B Explore client health and wellbeing to plan personal training programmes

B1 Factors that affect client health and wellbeing

B2 Health conditions and client screening methods

B3 Strategies to encourage long-term positive lifestyle practice

Visual/audio evidence of learners carrying out screening processes with a client and a written report focusing on screening activity results, factors affecting safe exercise participation and when to refer clients.

Exercise and health recommendations, based on the results and factors, supported by evidence, of completed lifestyle screening activities.

A written report that compares different types of training for specific components of fitness and how they can be adapted to meet the needs of specific clients.

Personal training programme for two contrasting clients.

Session plans.

C Explore personal training methods and programming

C1 Personal training methods for cardiovascular endurance

C2 Personal training methods for muscular strength

C3 Personal training methods for muscular endurance

C4 Personal training methods for flexibility

C5 Personal training methods for functional exercise

C6 Designing personal training programmes

D Plan, deliver and review personal training sessions for a client

D1 Planning a personal training session

D2 Instructing a personal training session

D3 Reviewing own performance in providing personal training

D4 Reviewing client’s performance

Visual/audio evidence of learners instructing a personal training session. The session plan and an evaluative report of own performance and the client’s performance must be evidenced.


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