CD.D3 Evaluate the work done by laboratories into effectively diagnosing the causes and cures of diseases.

Unit 23: Biomedical Science

Level: 3

Unit type: Internal

Guided learning hours: 60

Unit in brief

Learners will cover the extensive role biomedical scientists play in providing evidence for the causes of diseases, enabling other health workers to offer suitable treatment.

Unit introduction

In this unit, you will begin to see how important the biomedical science worker is in relation to the accurate diagnosis of many conditions, such as HIV, cancer, food poisoning and infection control. Without the essential work of the biomedical staff, the other health professionals could not function effectively. You will be looking at some of the groups of medically important organisms in terms of how the body can defend itself against them.

You will study key areas of the biomedical science worker’s job, including haematology, the blood transfusion service and cell pathology. Cell pathology is a diagnostic tool where samples of cells, taken from a growth on the skin, for instance, can be identified as being harmful or not.

Clinical biochemistry will give you an understanding of the chemical make-up of the body, and the importance of identifying and correcting any chemical imbalances. Although you will be concentrating on the human body in this unit, biomedical scientists work in a range of industries, including the NHS, pharmaceutical industries, veterinary services, the National Blood Authority and forensic laboratories.

Learning aims

In this unit you will:

A   Understand the ways in which the body defends itself against infection

B   Examine the principles of blood transfusion science and its importance to those working in haematology

C   Investigate the importance of cell pathology as a diagnostic tool

D   Explore how the chemical make-up of the body influences health and disease.

Assessment criteria

Pass                                           Merit                                           Distinction

Learning aim A: Understand the ways in which the body defends itself against infection

 

 

 

 

 

AB.D1  Justify the prominent role of haematology as a diagnostic tool and in the transfusion processes.

A.P1 Explain the specific and non-specific defence methods of the human body.

A.M1 Assess the effectiveness of specific, non-specific and inflammatory processes in helping the body defend itself against infection.

Learning aim B: Examine the principles of blood transfusion science and its importance to those working in haematology

B.P2 Describe the components of human blood by referring to their structure and functions.

B.P3 Explain, by referring to the blood components, what diseases are associated with them.

B.P4 Describe the diagnostic techniques used in haematology.

B.P5 Explain the processes involved in producing safe blood products for transfusion.

B.M2 Discuss the clinical uses of blood products and the reasons for screening them before use.

B.M3 Analyse the effectiveness of the screening processes in preventing the transmission of blood-born infections.

Learning aim C: Investigate the importance of cell pathology as a diagnostic tool

CD.D2  Evaluate how the results of cell pathology used in conjunction with biochemical investigations can be used as diagnostic tools.

CD.D3  Evaluate the work done by laboratories into effectively diagnosing the causes and cures  of diseases.

C.P6 Explain the causes of cell injury.

C.M4 Analyse how cell pathology is used in disease identification.

Learning aim D: Explore how the chemical make-up of the body influences health and disease

D.P7 Explain two of the biochemistry systems in the human body.

D.P8 Explain two biochemical tests used in monitoring the biochemistry of the human body.

D.M5 Discuss the importance of balanced biochemical systems in the human body.


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