IA1.3 Outline the uses of, and the reasons for, introducing a health and safety management system

Element IA1: Principles of health and safety management

5.1 Unit IA: Managing health and safety

Aim of the unit

This unit provides learners with a thorough grounding in all major aspects of managing health and safety. It aims to prepare learners for a career in health and safety by providing them with the ability to apply their knowledge and understanding of health and safety management issues in the workplace. In addition, this knowledge and understanding prepares learners for the written question paper assessment in Unit IA and the practical application (Unit DNI) which will be carried out in their own workplace.

Learning outcomes

IA1.1 Explain the moral, legal and economic reasons for the effective management of health and safety

IA1.2 Outline the societal factors which influence an organisation’s health and safety standards and priorities

IA1.3 Outline the uses of, and the reasons for, introducing a health and safety management system

IA1.4 Explain the principles and content of an effective health and safety management system including the reasons for integration with other management systems.

Content

IA1.1 Reasons for the effective management of health and safety

• Moral: - the concept of reasonable care

- the unacceptability of putting the health and safety of people at risk

- society’s attitude to moral obligations

- accident/incident and ill-health statistics

- the effect of size of organisation on accident/incident rates

• Legal: - preventive

- punitive

- the compensatory effects of law

- the principle of self-regulation

• Economic: - the costs associated with accidents/incidents and ill-health and their impact on society and on organisations

- the insured and un-insured costs

- the financial benefits of effective health and safety management.

IA1.2 Societal factors which influence an organisation’s health and safety standards and priorities

• Factors: - economic climate, government policy and initiatives

- industry/business risk profile

- globalisation of business

- migrant workers

- level of sickness absence

- societal expectations of equality ie, adjustments for workers with disabilities.

IA1.3 The uses of, and the reasons for introducing a health and safety management system

• What is a management system - application of the plan, do, check, act cycle to an organisation’s health and safety management (with reference to the UK HSE’s ‘Managing for health and safety (HSG65)’)

• The reasons for the introduction of health and safety management systems.

IA1.4 Principles and content of effective health and safety management systems

• Health and safety policy - the role of the health and safety policy in relation to a health and safety management system and as a vehicle for the communication of health and safety information

- the requirements for a written health and safety policy and for recording arrangements in relevant standards

- the general principles and objectives of a health and safety policy document

• The key elements/components of a health and safety management system:

- ILO-OSH-2001 Guidelines on Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. ILO, 2001

- ISO 45001:2018 (Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems)

• The benefits and limitations of integration of quality, environmental, and health and safety management systems.


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